New Find Shows Two Peoples In Americas
A cache of 12,000-year-old fishing tackle found in southern California shows that two distinct, pre-historic groups of people once lived in the Americas.
The evidence, uncovered by University of Oregon archeological professor Jon Erlandson alongside a stash of discarded seashells and bones, might help scientists learn more about how North America became populated.
“They are a clue to the lifestyles of some of the earliest American settlers, and suggest that two separate cultures lived in North America at the time: one, the well-known Clovis culture, lived inland and feasted on mammoths, mastodons and other mammals; the other was a coastal culture with a taste for seafood,” writes New Scientist about the amazing discovery.
The fishing tackle, found at Santa Rosa and San Miguel islands off Southern California, “are ultra thin, serrated and have incredible barbs on them,” Erlandson told Science Daily. “It’s a very sophisticated chipped-stone technology.”
“Most of the tools were different from those unearthed at inland Clovis sites on the North American mainland, but some of the spearheads were similar, perhaps implying that trade existed between the cultures,” notes Grind TV.
While it is widely believed that people arrived via the Bering Straits to become the so-called “Native” Americans, or Beringians, another theory posits that an earlier group migrated across the North Atlantic via small, portable boats. That theory, known as the Solutrean Hypothesis, says these immigrants used Clovis spearhead technology, which was first uncovered in an area of Western Europe that includes Spain and France.