The discovery of a perfectly-preserved skull near Mexico City may in fact prove the highly-controversial Solutrean Hypothesis, which claims that White, Western Europeans were the first humans on the North American continent.
British scientists from Liverpool’s John Moores University and Oxford’s Research Laboratory of Archaeology have identified the skull as part of a skeleton from a 26-year woman dating back 13,000 years, which is 2,000 years older than the oldest human remains found in North America.
The skull of Peñon woman is long, narrow and identified as Caucasian, typical of modern-day white people. So-called “Native Americans” are short, broad and identified as Mongoloid, typical of the Asians who traveled onto the North American continent across the Bering Straits.
Scientists believe two scenarios possibly explain Peñon woman. The first is that a group of “Caucasian-like” people with narrow skulls were the first to travel across the Bering Straits.
The second is the Solutrean Hypothesis, which concludes that White Caucasians from an area in Western Europe (“Solutrea”) traveled across an ice sheet in the North Atlantic. Additional proofs supporting the Solutrean Hypothesis include the discovery of Kennewick Man, and the Clovis Point, a prehistoric stone tool technology, found in Solutrea and North America at the same geological time.
Research team leader Dr. Silvia Gonzalez believes that Peñon woman does in fact prove the Solutrean Hypothesis. “At the moment it points to that as being likely. They were definitely not Mongoloid in appearance. They were from somewhere else. As to whether they were European, at this point in time we cannot say ‘no’,” Dr Gonzalez said.